Tissue paper products are highly engineered to provide strength, ultra-light weight, softness and absorbency, all at the same time. Rolls of toilet paper were first introduced in the late 1800s and facial tissue made its debut in the 1920s. Today, tissue paper products are a popular, growing market. Demand for various tissue products continues to increase in the U.S. and abroad.
Innovations in tissue and towel products have led to new product applications to meet the changing demographics of on-the-go millennials and today's families.
What is Tissue?
Tissue is a general term indicating a class of papers which are characteristically gauzy in texture and, in some cases, fairly transparent. They may be glazed, unglazed, or creped, and are used for a variety of purposes. Tissue can be manufactured using trees that are turned into wood chips and then cooked to separate the fiber from the glue that holds the tree together. This fiber is then formed into a sheet and ultimately into tissue.
Tissue can also be manufactured from recycled paper products, or a combination of fresh fiber and recycled fiber.
What Kinds of Products are Made from Tissue?
These tissue paper products are often produced in large sizes, with dispensers designed for high volume, public use. Three of the most commonly used applications of tissue products are paper towels, toilet paper and facial tissue. Paper towels can be made from virgin pulp or recycled paper products or maybe a combination of the two. Toilet tissue on a roll was introduced to North America in 1890 by Scott Paper Company.
How is Tissue Made?
Tissue paper products may seem simple, but manufacturing these specialty papers requires advanced science and technology. The first step in the tissue making process is to make pulp. Pulp can be made from either virgin fiber, which are wood chips, or from recycled paper products. Wood chips are cooked using a chemical process in essentially a pressure cooker known as a digester.
Cellulose is an essential building block in the cell walls of trees and plants, helping to make them strong. The pulp is then washed to clean it and separate it from other substances such as lignin. After the pulp is washed, it is screened for further cleaning. From there, the pulp is washed and screened for further cleaning.
The cleaning process further removes any unwanted particles and debris like any dirt or dust. The pulp then goes through a series of rollers where the water is squeezed and evaporated out, helping to dry out the pulp. Though lignin is removed during the washing process, some lignin remains together with the fiber and at this stage it has a natural brown color. After the pulp is bleached, it needs to be formed into a sheet by the paper machine.
At the wet end of the paper machine, the pulp flows onto a moving endless belt with a screen to filter out water and form a web. The dryer is a large cylinder and uses steam to dry the pulp. At this stage, many tissue papers are further processed or converted for consumer use. For example, tissue may be further embossed or creped.
Embossing rolls create a textured design pattern onto the tissue like the dots and swirls on your paper towels or toilet tissue. After the paper is creped, it is sent to a converting machine that turns the paper sheet into the tissue products you recognize. Converting machines can turn the paper into multiple plys, fold tissues and napkins, or otherwise transform large sheets or rolls into the final packaged configuration.
Why Use Tissue?
Tissue products are diverse, widespread and help to improve the quality of people’s lives around the world every single day. By providing value, tissue products have helped to create modern life. Disposable tissue products have helped reduce the spread of bacteria and communicable diseases.
Tissue Products are Innovative
Advancements in manufacturing technology include more efficient tissue paper uses and improving the design of products and the way they are dispensed. In 2014, most U.S. mills with tissue paper capacity used some recycled paper to make new tissue products and several of those mills used only recycled paper. Tissue manufacturers continue to further reduce greenhouse gas emissions from their facilities through efforts like reducing the use of fossil fuels and purchased energy , and reducing truck transportation. Tissue products provide value in many ways and have helped to create modern life.
Tissue Paper is made of a low sheet density and is high porosity which is helpful to gain elevated absorbency and softness. The Main Properties of Tissue paper products are Absorbency and Softness.